Insulin Resistance Information
History, facts, and statistics about insulin resistance.
- Thought to be an earlier sign of type 2 diabetes because it often comes before the escalation of diabetes.
- Insulin resistance is also known as hyperinsulinemia or Syndrome X:
- Fat, adipose tissue and skeletal muscle demonstrate a lower sensitivity to insulin
- The degree of insulin resistance is different from person to person
- Insulin resistance puts a person a major risk factor for heart disease
- If left untouched it can progress to type 2 diabetes
- Approximately 25% of American adults have some degree of insulin resistance.
- Medical signs of insulin resistance:
- Obesity (Carrying excess fat around waist)
- Low levels of good cholesterol (HDL)
- High blood pressure
- Altered blood-clotting function
- Elevated acid levels in urine.
- American Diabetes Association management goals for insulin resistance:
- Control blood pressure
- Improve cholesterol levels (Diet & Medications)
- total cholesterol <200 mg/dl
- LDL (bad) cholesterol <100 mg/dl
- HDL (good) cholesterol >45 mg/dl
- Triglycerides <200 mg/dl
- Manage abnormal clotting by taking a daily aspirin
- Dietary changes:
- Smaller amounts of carbohydrates. (Bread, rice, cereal, simple sugars)
- Lower amounts of fat and cholesterol consumption
- Slow and steady weight loss of at least 2 to 4 pounds a month
- Insulin resistance can be decreased or even reversed by a reduction of body weight.
- Insulin resistance also can be managed with exercise; it will give more sensitivity to insulin resistant tissues. Recommendation is 20 minutes of exercise 3-5x a week.
Acronym to Understand Insulin Resistance:
Insulin resistance problems that normally occur as a group known as CHAOS:
C – Coronary artery disease -heart disease
H – Hypertension - high blood pressure
A – Atherosclerosis - hardening of the arteries
O - Obesity
S – Stroke